Endoscopy means to consider inside, which is seen and examined internally by an endoscope. A long, flexible and little tube that has a very small camera and a light source visible inside the organs of the body. The tube moves slowly and is seen on the screen.
The endoscope tube can be inserted from the mouth, the anus, the pathway of the urinary tract, or by creating a gap in the body. The endoscopy is used for various diseases, and each of these methods is used for specific diagnosis.
The most common endoscopies which are used by doctors to diagnose the disease are as:
Brucellosis: To examine the lungs and airways that the air passes through.
Colonoscopy: To check colon and intestines
Stroboscopy: Examination of the esophagus and stomach
Cholangiopancreatography: To heck gallbladder disorder
Cystoscopy, hysteroscopy, arthroscopy, each for examination of joints, uterine examination, bladder examination, are other endoscopies that are less commonly used.
Endoscopy has other functions. In some cases, this procedure is used for facilitating laparoscopic surgeries, such as removing the appendix and bile marrow, it is also used to sample tissues that are examined in laboratories. It’s best to know that EUS or endosonography is a good way to have more accurate pictures of internal organs like pancreas.
Laparoscopy is a type of endoscopy (a laparoscope is a visual instrument), which applies in so-called “key puncture” operations. During this procedure, gaps are created and the patient undergoes a weaker pain after surgery. It feels more open to the action, and the recovery will be less.
Endoscopies are usually done by doctors in their hospitals or clinics. People with or without endoscopy should not eat or drink anything. Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy should be done with an empty bowel, the use of laxatives is recommended. Sometimes it is prescribed to prevent an infection. Antibiotics should be avoided before endoscopy, aspirin, warfarin or clopidogrel and blood thinners should be avoided until blood in the endoscopy is minimized.
Endoscopy usually does not require anesthesia, and patients do not feel pain. However, in order to relieve the patient of local anesthetic, spray, the pill is used for the areas in question. Pills are usually sedative tablets. The patient has less anxiety and is less likely to go into the details of his endoscopy.
Now, after the initial stages of the endoscopy, it slowly enters to the body. However, the endoscope, in cases where key hole surgery is performed, is the same as the skin created in the skin Enter the body. The duration of the endoscopy depends on the physician’s examination and progression of the disease, which usually lasts between fifteen and sixty minutes. Patients do not require hospitalization with endoscopy, and this is sometimes done on an outpatient basis.